You could be facing an issue with anal gland leaking. No one likes this dog problem — veterinarians or pet owners. If you never had this problem with your pet before, you are in luck.
Anal glands are given a natural squeeze every time a dog defaecates. If your dog is scooting bum rubbing or licking at the anal region please see a vet; there are many reasons a dog will rub his bottom. A gloved finger is inserted in the anus and the anal gland is squeezed between the finger on the inside and a thumb on the outside of the anus.
Anal glands in dogs and cats secrete a liquid substance, which is held inside of the sac until the animal defecates. In dogs and cats with normal anal glands, this liquid is normally expressed from the glands along with the bowel movement. Many animals will also express the contents of these glands when they become frightened, nervous, or excited.
Commonly called 'anal glands', the anal sacs are two small pouches located on either side of the anus at approximately the four o'clock and eight o'clock positions. Numerous specialized sebaceous sweat glands that produce a foul smelling secretion line the walls of the sacs. Each sac is connected to the outside by a small duct that opens just inside the anus.
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Oh, the smell! Get a brief overview of anal gland problems in dogs from Dogster. Dogs have two anal glands or sacs, one on each side of the anus, between the internal and external anal sphincter muscles.
When a dog defecates, the muscles contract and allow the anal sacs to release a foul-smelling, dark-colored substance and empty out the anal sacs. However, dogs that suffer from anal gland impaction, infection, or abscess cannot secrete this substance and often require veterinary aid. If these problems cannot be managed medically, the veterinary surgeon will need to remove the anal sacs. Prior to conducting the anal sacculectomy, the surgical team will perform a blood chemistry test to ensure the canine is healthy enough to undergo surgery.
Join Now. You caught your dog doing the booty scoot on your favorite rug and now you're wondering why they do it and how you can get it to stop. Whether that or excessive licking of your pet's hind region is what brought you here, it's likely that your dog's anal glands need attention.
Peter Dobias, DVM has 30 years of experience as a veterinarian. His love of dogs and passion for natural healing and nutrition led him to writing, teaching and helping people create health naturally, without drugs, chemicals and processed food. There is a general misperception that a dog's anal glands should be manually emptied on a regular basis. In fact, expressing the glands too often may lead to decreased tone, delayed emptying and anal gland disease.